A Professor of Bio Chemistry from University of Ibadan (UI), Prof. Ebenezer O. Farombi has urged academic researchers to initiate their investigations with the intention of making innovative impacts for the benefit of generality of the people. Farombi made this pronouncement while addressing academics at the 8th Annual General Meeting and Scientific Conference of the Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos. He stated that Bio medical research involves genetic and environmental factors related to disease and health which leads to the treatment of illnesses and diseases, reduction of HIV, the accentuation of human life, amongst others.
He enjoined them to shun the wrong popular motives of conducting research which includes show-off, feeling of achievements, amongst others. These motives, he believes, hinders the quality of research work that scientific scholars embarks on, and accounts for the mediocrity of such works.Farombi listed the values to imbibe as a reporter to include honesty, probity, precision, efficiency and avoidance of improper bias. He also emphasized the essence of research integrity in the conduct of research, stating that the establishment of trust in a research engenders the credibility of results and findings
Furthermore, the Don of University of Ibadan highlighted the various forms of research. He stated that the two major types of research are Basic and Applied research. He further classified research into Survival research, Racking research and Translational or Innovative research. He explains that Survival research is conducted by researchers who aim at career promotion in the academic world. Racking research is conducted to glamorize the achievements of the researcher, while Translational or Innovative research adds value to the humanity, as it promotes the general well-being of mankind. He, therefore, encourages scientific researchers to embark on translational or innovative research.
Professor Farombi, in a bid to encourage collaboration in research asserts that the era of single authorship of a paper research or book has elapsed. He also said “collaboration is not competition. Collaboration is important as it encourages two or more people to think together and get better results. Collaboration is important to the attainment of national and global relevance’’.
He warned researchers against research misconduct borderingon plagiarism, fabrication, falsification, ghost writing, fraudulent designs, and duplicate publications, amongst others. In his words ‘’the failure to report a misconduct is considered a punishable crime’’.
Speaking on the issue of publication authorship, he asserts that acknowledgement should not be confused with authorship. He cites a case where some researchers intend to include him as one of the author of the research work. He declined the offer because his generosity in allowing them use his laboratory does not automatically make him a co-author of the research works.Instead, he advised them to include his name in the acknowledgement page of the work.His advised experienced researchersto engage in careful development of mentoring plans, train new lecturers, and ensure their adherence to research policies.
The Don also recommends good practice for early career researchers which includes obtaining ethical approval, keeping details of records, having a back-up(in a situation where the original result is missing), submitting a complete research work, and carrying along their mentors. He emphasizes on the need for mentorship in scientific research.