According to a recent study conducted in the United States, high rates of mortality from heart failure are recorded in countries where people suffer from social deprivation and poverty.
Heart failure, which is also referred to as congestive heart failure, occurs when the heart muscle is unable to pump blood as it should.
This chronic condition has been regarded as irreversible. However, some treatments can assist the person in living longer and more active lives.
According to an electronic search performed in the Global Health Data Exchange registry, the current worldwide prevalence of heart failure is over 64.34 million cases.
Based on a recent study, the risk of dying from heart failure differs from country to country. The rate of mortality is higher in socially deprived and poorer countries.
An analysis from University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center’s researchers revealed about 1,254,991 deaths from heart failures across 3,048 countries between 1999 and 2018.
The researchers used two standard indices of social deprivation: the Area Deprivation Index (ADI) and the Social Deprivation Index (SDI). ADI measures indices including poverty, employment, and education while SDI focuses on income and housing. Their study revealed that 25.5 deaths per 100,000 head of population arise as a result of heart failure.
Countries characterized by socioeconomic deprivation experienced a higher death rate from heart failure. This is regardless of ethnicity, race, or sex.
Dr. Graham Bevan, a resident physician at University Hospital, as well as his colleagues, stated that several factors could give rise to the high rate of deaths from heart failure in poorer countries. These factors include substandard care, reduced access to healthcare, and poor health literacy. They reveal that adherence to an often-expensive drug regimen will lead to successful treatment of heart failure.
The authors said:
“Regardless of the contributing factors, the association between communities with high socioeconomic deprivation and [heart failure] mortality is strong and suggests that targeting social deprivation may be impactful in reducing [heart failure] mortality. Additionally, the yield of intensive [heart failure] preventive strategies may be higher in areas with high social deprivation.”
According to the American Heart Association (AHA), the death toll resulting from heart failure will be reduced if the major clinical risk factors for heart failure could be tackled. These include heart attacks, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity.